Author(s): Frank H. Netter
The gold standard of excellence for 25 years, Frank H. Netter, MD's Atlas of Human Anatomy offers unsurpassed depictions of the human body in clear, brilliant detail - all from a clinician's perspective. With its emphasis on anatomic relationships and clinically relevant views, Dr. Netter's work provides a coherent, lasting visual vocabulary for understanding anatomy and how it applies to medicine today.
Frank H. Netter was born in New York City in 1906. He studied art at the Art Students League and the National Academy of Design before entering medical school at New York University, where he received his Doctor of Medicine degree in 1931. During his student years, Dr. Netter's notebook sketches attracted the attention of the medical faculty and other physicians, allowing him to augment his income by illustrating articles and textbooks. He continued illustrating as a sideline after establishing a surgical practice in 1933, but he ultimately opted to give up his practice in favor of a full-time commitment to art. After service in the United States Army during World War II, Dr. Netter began his long collaboration with the CIBA Pharmaceutical Company (now Novartis Pharmaceuticals). This 45-year partnership resulted in the production of the extraordinary collection of medical art so familiar to physicians and other medical professionals worldwide. Icon Learning Systems acquired the Netter Collection in July 2000 and continued to update Dr. Netter's original paintings and to add newly commissioned paintings by artists trained in the style of Dr. Netter. In 2005, Elsevier Inc. purchased the Netter Collection and all publications from Icon Learning Systems. There are now over 50 publications featuring the art of Dr. Netter available through Elsevier Inc. Dr. Netter's works are among the finest examples of the use of illustration in the teaching of medical concepts. The 13-book Netter Collection of Medical Illustrations, which includes the greater part of the more than 20,000 paintings created by Dr. Netter, became and remains one of the most famous medical works ever published. The Netter Atlas of Human Anatomy, first published in 1989, presents the anatomic paintings from the Netter Collection. Now translated into 16 languages, it is the anatomy atlas of choice among medical and health professions students the world over. The Netter illustrations are appreciated not only for their aesthetic qualities, but, more importantly, for their intellectual content. As Dr. Netter wrote in 1949 "clarification of a subject is the aim and goal of illustration. No matter how beautifully painted, how delicately and subtly rendered a subject may be, it is of little value as a medical illustration if it does not serve to make clear some medical point." Dr. Netter's planning, conception, point of view, and approach are what inform his paintings and what make them so intellectually valuable. Frank H. Netter, MD, physician and artist, died in 1991.
Section 1 Head and Neck Topographic Anatomy 1 Superficial Head and Neck 2 - 3 Bones and Ligaments 4 - 23 Superficial Face 24 - 25 Neck 26 - 34 Nasal Region 35 - 50 Oral Region 51 - 62 Pharynx 63 - 73 Thyroid Gland and Larynx 74 - 80 Orbit and Contents 81 - 91 Ear 92 - 98 Meninges and Brain 99 - 114 Cranial and Cervical Nerves 115 - 134 Cerebral Vasculature 135 - 146 Regional Scans 147 - 148 Section 2 Back and Spinal Cord Topographic Anatomy 149 Bones and Ligaments 150 - 156 Spinal Cord 157 - 167 Muscles and Nerves 168 - 172 Cross-Sectional Anatomy 173 - 174 Section 3 Thorax Topographic Anatomy 175 Mammary Gland 176 - 178 Body Wall 179 - 189 Lungs 190 - 204 Heart 205 - 223 Mediastinum 224 - 234 Regional Scans 235 Cross-Sectional Anatomy 236 - 239 Section 4 Abdomen Topographic Anatomy 240 Body Wall 241 - 260 Peritoneal Cavity 261 - 266 Viscera (Gut) 267 - 276 Viscera (Accessory Organs) 277 - 282 Visceral Vasculature 283 - 296 Innervation 297 - 307 Kidneys and Suprarenal Glands 308 - 322 Cross-Sectional Anatomy 323 - 330 Section 5 Pelvis and Perineum Topographic Anatomy 331 Bones and Ligaments 332 - 336 Pelvic Floor and Contents 337 - 347 Urinary Bladder 348 - 351 Uterus, Vagina, and Supporting Structures 352 - 355 Perineum and External Genitalia: Female 356 - 359 Perineum and External Genitalia: Male 360 - 367 Homologues of Genitalia 368 - 369 Testis, Epididymis, and Ductus Deferens 370 Rectum 371 - 376 Regional Scans 377 Vasculature 378 - 388 Innervation 389 - 397 Cross-Sectional Anatomy 398 - 399 Section 6 Upper Limb Topographic Anatomy 400 Cutaneous Anatomy 401 - 405 Shoulder and Axilla 406 - 418 Arm 419 - 423 Elbow and Forearm 424 - 439 Wrist and Hand 440 - 459 Neurovasculature 460 - 467 Regional Scans 468 Section 7 Lower Limb Topographic Anatomy 469 Cutaneous Anatomy 470 - 473 Hip and Thigh 474 - 493 Knee 494 - 500 Leg 501 - 510 Ankle and Foot 511 - 525 Neurovasculature 526 - 530 Regional Scans 531 Section 8 Cross=Sectional Anatomy Key Figure for Cross Sections 532